Hydrotherapy has an extremely positive effect on the musculoskeletal system, and the cardiovascular and respiratory system. Water as a therapeutic medium has a special importance for the implementation of medical gymnastics.
HYDROGYMNASTICS – In rheumatic diseases is recommended higher, and in neurological lower water temperature. Exercises are conducted in the pool or in specially designed butterfly bath tubs (Hubbard tubs). The temperature of water in pools or tubs ranges from 30 to 40 degrees Celsius.
The optimum temperature in recreational pools is 28 to 30 degrees Celsius. Pool exercises last 15 to 30 minutes, longer if necessary. In the warm pools is not advisable to stay longer than an hour. Before entering the pool one must take a shower, protect the hair with a cap and wear rubber shoes to prevent falls. After the exercises or swimming, patient again must take a shower. The water in the pool or tub is chlorinated for hygienic reasons, and water quality and temperature are electronically controlled. In the pool group exercises are normally carried out, in groups of 6 to 10 patients depending on the size of the pool, and physiotherapist is usually located next to the pool.
WHIRLING BATHS – can be of different shapes and sizes, from the size of your hands or feet to the size for the entire body. Baths can be fixed or moving. In them, the water is constantly mixed and can be hot, cold or mixed. Whirling bath works by mixing water and air to the controlled turbulence.
Other forms of hydrotherapy
UNDERWATER MASSAGE is a massage by jet under water. The water jet which is used for massage has a pressure of 0.5 to 2 Bar. Depending under which angle it is focused, effect can be superficial or deep. Spray distance from the surface of the body to be treated is initially 20 cm, and that distance is reduced gradually. The duration of the massage is 10 to 20 minutes.